Based on the statement made by Dr. Zarif, “For the first time, the Security Council has recognized the enrichment program of a developing country”. Peaceful use of nuclear energy by Iran is also mentioned in the draft of the proposed resolution. Through this resolution, Iran’s enrichment is no longer considered as an activity which threatens international peace and security and could not be used to impose sanctions against Iran.
The adoption of the new resolution in the Security Council is significant from the legal and political points of view. Politically, the issue of the lifting of sanctions and recognition of enrichment and the peacefulness of Iran’s nuclear program are among the issues which are agreed upon for the first time in the UN Security Council. Based on this draft, all of the six previous resolutions which included threats, sanctions and suspension of Iran’s nuclear activities will be lifted simultaneously with Iran’s implementation of its commitments.