Preventing World War Through Global Solidarity: 100 Years on

Rhodes Forum Opening PlenaryEvery autumn since 2003 the ancient Greek island of Rhodes hosts a session of the World Public Forum "Dialogue of Civilizations" called the Rhodes Forum that brings together public figures and statesmen, academics, religious figures and representatives of the arts, mass media and business spheres from all over the world. The sessions of the WPF "Dialogue of Civilizations" proved the urgency and efficacy of the Forum by brining the focus of world public opinion to the problems of intercultural dialogue and the need to work out instruments to make interaction among cultures and civilizations possible. The results achieved by the Forum give a hope for further harmonization of international relations and strengthening of stability in the world.

Rhodes Forum 2014

Rhodes Forum Applications Form
Download Application Form
Rhodes Forum Content Scheme
Rhodes Forum Guidelines
Terms of Participation
Rhodes Forum Schedule
Rhodes Scientific Program
Rhodes Organizational Program
For details please visit

The Nature of the EU and Its External Projection

Raffaele Marchetti, Professor of International Relations, LUISS University, Italy, specially for

What is the EU? This is a question that has occupied the debate in the European Union and beyond for many years. Of course the political significance of the question is high because it constitutes a precondition for interpreting its foreign policy action and hence to understand its role in global politics.

One way of addressing the question would simply be to associate the EU to the American superpower. The EU as the closer (and relatively loyal) ally of the US would be the answer. This way, however, the agency of the EU, its autonomy, would be denigrated, if not denied altogether. And yet, there have been hints of a EU autonomous political agency. It is for this reason that we cannot be satisfied with a simplistic response in terms of bandwagoning with the US.

War in Gaza: Agreement on Ceasefire Must Address Root Causes of Conflict

Statement of the International Progress Organization

Vienna, 24 July 2014

The international community, represented by the United Nations Organization, has a joint responsibility to stop the ongoing armed conflict between Israel and the Palestinian people in Gaza. The situation constitutes a serious threat to peace and security according to Article 39 of the UN Charter. Due to their political paralysis resulting from disputes among member states, neither the League of Arab States nor the Organization of Islamic Cooperation can play any constructive role for the ending of hostilities.

Gandhi and Nehru - Frustrated Visionaries?

An Article by Judith Brown published in History Today, Volume 47, Issue 9, 1997

Above all, the hallmark of new Indians would be a commitment to non-violence in all public and private relationships, as the only moral means of achieving true change. For Gandhi non-violence was the only way to follow after what one perceived as truth without endangering the perception of truth held by others: by its very presence and working it would transform attitudes and relationships, and so begin the process of change at the roots of the individuals who formed the bedrock of society.

Rhodes Veteran Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Dürr passed away on May 18, 2014

One of the outstanding personalities who contributed substantially to the deliberations of several Rhodes Forums and formed together with others the spirit of Rhodes, Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Dürr passed away on May 18, 2014 in the age of 84.

Prof. Dürr was born on October 7, 1929 in Stuttgart. He received his doctorate in 1956 at the University of California at Berkeley with Edward Teller and got his habilitation in 1962. From 1958 to 1976, Dürr worked with Werner Heisenberg, whom he succeeded in 1978 as managing director of the Max Planck Institute for Physics in Munich. In addition to his work in nuclear and elementary particle physics, he turned increasingly to epistemological, philosophical and social issues. He shared his ideas with the participants of the Rhodes Forum.

Lawrence H. Summers on the Economic Challenge of the Future: Jobs

An Article by Lawrence H. Summers published at The Wall Street Journal on July 7, 2014

The great economic problem for millennia has been scarcity. People want much more than can be produced. The challenge has been to produce as much as possible and to ensure that everybody gets their fair share.

In important respects, the problem has changed. There are many more Americans who are obese than who are undernourished, for example. But that is only a harbinger of things to come. The economic challenge of the future will not be producing enough. It will be providing enough good jobs.

Illusions Bred by a Reserve Currency

An Article by Vivek Dehejia published at LIVEMINT on July 17, 2014

Short-term US macroeconomic goals conflict with long-term interests of a world reliant on the dollar.

Since the Bretton Woods system broke down in August 1971, economist Robert Mundell has convened periodic round-table meetings of economists, bankers, and officials to deliberate on the future of the international monetary system. The Santa Colomba Conference is named after the venue, a magnificent Renaissance villa situated on a crest in the rolling hills outside the city of Siena in Tuscany, which Mundell has called home since the late 1960s. I had the privilege of participating in this year’s recently concluded meetings and would like to share with the reader some of the insights that came out of the gathering.

This summer’s most noteworthy panels were on the “International Monetary Fund (IMF) at 70” and “Where to for the intentional monetary system?” In the wake of the global financial crisis and the still unfolding euro-area crisis, the topics are more timely than ever.

The Gaza Massacre - the Underlying Motives

By Chandra Muzaffar, President, International Movement for a Just World (JUST), July 21, 2014

Massacre has become a habit. Every two or three years, Israel launches a massive military assault upon largely unarmed Palestinians in Gaza. It did this in December 2008 to January 2009. It did it again in November 2012. On each occasion hundreds of Palestinians are murdered and thousands more maimed.

Every time, Israel claims the moral high ground for its brutal, barbaric action. It blames Hamas, an important component of the Palestinian liberation movement, for the present cycle of violence. It alleges, without an iota of proof, that Hamas was responsible for the kidnapping and killing of three Israeli teens on 12 June 2014. Hamas has denied any involvement. The death of the teens - a despicable act - provided the justification for a large-scale operation against Hamas and other so-called militants. Israeli authorities arrested a number of activists including those who were released earlier.

US Democracy Promotion through Civil Society

Raffaele Marchetti, Professor of International Relations, LUISS University, Italy, specially for

This is the first of a short series of articles on democracy promotion. The topic has been picked up because of its increasingly controversial nature in international politics. In the first two pieces, the democracy promotion policy carried out by the US and the EU are analyzed. In the remaining articles, a more comparative and critical examination will be developed.