On April 25, 2014 Raffaele Marchetti, Professor of International Relations, LUISS University, Italy, and Member of the WPF International Coordinating Committee delivered a lecture at the Department of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
The lecture was devoted to the analysis of the nature of the EU, its foreign policy and ongoing transformations of the international system.
According to Professor Marchetti the EU can be characterized in a way as a cosmopolitan empire.
It is sometimes believed, Pr. Marchetti said, that there are two different approaches to solving international problems with two different foundations:
For example, it is supposed that USA comes from Mars, and its vision is Hobbesian. Institutions and law at the international level are unreliable. Hence, military power is the only guarantee of the liberal order.
On the other hand, Europe comes from Venus. Its vision is Kantian. Institutions and law are central for fostering cooperation towards a project of “perpetual peace.”
It has also been noted that today there are 5 major trends in global governance: (I) merging of the domestic and the international (intermestic), (II) increased role of non-state actors, (III) emergence of private governance, (IV) shift to new modes of eliciting compliance with transborder standards and (V) growing complexity of the institutional landscape. Especially important is the growing role of civil society and its organizations as important actors in international relations as well as intensifying interaction between IOs and CSOs.
Finally, Professor Marchetti provided analysis of the EU foreign policy through civil society.