Politics

Security Council Resolution, Building Block for Lifting of Sanctions

An interview with Gholamali Khoshroo, Iran’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, published at Iranian Diplomacy on July 23, 2015

Based on the statement made by Dr. Zarif, “For the first time, the Security Council has recognized the enrichment program of a developing country”. Peaceful use of nuclear energy by Iran is also mentioned in the draft of the proposed resolution. Through this resolution, Iran’s enrichment is no longer considered as an activity which threatens international peace and security and could not be used to impose sanctions against Iran.

The adoption of the new resolution in the Security Council is significant from the legal and political points of view. Politically, the issue of the lifting of sanctions and recognition of enrichment and the peacefulness of Iran’s nuclear program are among the issues which are agreed upon for the first time in the UN Security Council. Based on this draft, all of the six previous resolutions which included threats, sanctions and suspension of Iran’s nuclear activities will be lifted simultaneously with Iran’s implementation of its commitments.
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Crises and Discord Undermining European Project

By Nat Parry, Essential Opinion, July 22, 2015

The near collapse of the Greek economy and the harsh austerity package forced on Athens by the European Union has led to increasing commentary in recent weeks on what the developments might mean for the “European project” – the one-time seemingly inevitable drive on the European continent for an “ever closer union” based on principles of economic, social and territorial cohesion and solidarity among EU member states.
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The Eurasian Big Bang

How China and Russia Are Running Rings Around Washington

By Pepe Escobar, TomDispatch.com, July 23, 2015

Let’s start with the geopolitical Big Bang you know nothing about, the one that occurred just two weeks ago. Here are its results: from now on, any possible future attack on Iran threatened by the Pentagon (in conjunction with NATO) would essentially be an assault on the planning of an interlocking set of organizations -- the BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa), the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization), the EEU (Eurasian Economic Union), the AIIB (the new Chinese-founded Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank), and the NDB (the BRICS' New Development Bank) - whose acronyms you’re unlikely to recognize either.  Still, they represent an emerging new order in Eurasia.

Tehran, Beijing, Moscow, Islamabad, and New Delhi have been actively establishing interlocking security guarantees. They have been simultaneously calling the Atlanticist bluff when it comes to the endless drumbeat of attention given to the flimsy meme of Iran’s "nuclear weapons program." And a few days before the Vienna nuclear negotiations finally culminated in an agreement, all of this came together at a twin BRICS/SCO summit in Ufa, Russia - a place you’ve undoubtedly never heard of and a meeting that got next to no attention in the U.S.  And yet sooner or later, these developments will ensure that the War Party in Washington and assorted neocons (as well as neoliberalcons) already breathing hard over the Iran deal will sweat bullets as their narratives about how the world works crumble.
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Raising of Cuban Flag in Washington Signals Restoration of US-Cuba Relations

The Guardian, July 20, 2015

Diplomatic relations between the US and Cuba have been officially restored, with Cuba’s foreign minister taking the hugely symbolic step of raising his country’s flag at a newly designated embassy in Washington later on Monday.

Bruno Rodríguez, visiting the US capital for the first time in his life, conducted the ceremony at the mansion which has not functioned as an embassy for more than 50 years.
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Gholamali Khoshroo: Nuclear Agreement Heralding New Horizon in International Relations

New York, July 16, IRNA – Iran's permanent representative at the United Nations (UN) said that the sum-up agreement between Tehran and the six world powers indicates the peaceful nature of Iran's nuclear program, peaceful and wise stances of Iran heralding bright future.

'I see a bright horizon in the future of Iran's economy and I believe that Iran could open a new chapter in international relations which is deserved by the Iranian nation and the country's history,' Khoshrou said.
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Why Africa May Leave the International Criminal Court

By David Hoile, Addis Fortune, July 13, 2015

It has taken Africa just over a decade to conclude that the International Criminal Court (ICC), established in 2002 by the Rome Statute, is simply unfit for purpose. That certainly is the conclusion of the South African government following the recent African Union (AU) Summit in Johannesburg.

The institution many African countries signed up for post 1998, a court that promised to pursue injustice without fear or favour, is not the one they see before them today. They were sold a false bill of goods. The ICC's claims to international jurisdiction and judicial independence are institutionally flawed and the Court's reputation has been irretrievably damaged by its racism, blatant double-standards, hypocrisy, corruption and serious judicial irregularities.
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Appeal for Transparent, Fair and Secure Elections in Ivory Coast

For many years the Ivory Coast has been affected by continuing crises leading sometimes to violent clashes and, as recently, to thousands of victims. All this has slowed down its social growth and the path towards a modern democracy.

New elections to vote for the new President of the Republic are scheduled for the coming month of October 2015. The Ivory Coast and the international community hope that the vote in this important West African country could contribute to overcome any condition of uncertainty and, above all, to avoid new social tensions.

Approaching the voting date, the political and social climate of the country is becoming once again particularly tense. Only fair and transparent elections can create the conditions for the results to be accepted and recognized by the various sides, thus averting the danger of violence and disorder.

In solidarity with the people of Ivory Coast, who in the past have paid dearly for internal tensions, we appeal to all the political forces of Ivory Coast and to the international Community. 

With this appeal we demand:

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Statement of the WPF Presidency on the Iran Agreement

The Presidency of WPFDC welcomes the agreement of July 14, 2015, reached by the P5+1 group (the permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany) and the Islamic Republic of Iran on peaceful nuclear activities and the lifting of sanctions.

At a time where too often martial rhetoric prevails and military actions overrule peaceful dialogue and solutions, the agreement demonstrates that mutual understanding is the key to a more peaceful world. WPFDC hopes that the Iranian example of waiving nuclear armament will be followed by others and lead to a global nuclear disarmament. At a minimum, we urge that the systematic inspection of nuclear facilities should be extended from Iran to all countries either possessing or aspiring to possess nuclear weapons in that region.

The WPFDC strongly confirms its position that only dialogue and negotiations on the basis of mutual respect of the sovereign rights of other people might provide the appropriate platform to achieve peaceful resolution of any dispute.

The joint action of the five permanent Security Council members also proves that the United Nations System created after WWII is still viable and should be respected and used by all nations.

Vladimir Yakunin, Founding President, WPF "Dialogue of Civilizations"; Head, Department of State Politics, Faculty of Political Sciences, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Fred Dallmayr, Co-Chairman, WPF "Dialogue of Civilizations"; Packey J. Dee Professor in the Departments of Philosophy and Political Science at the University of Notre Dame
Walter Schwimmer, Co-Chairman, World Public Forum "Dialogue of Civilizations"; Former Secretary General of the Council of Europe (1999-2004)
Vladimir Kulikov, Executive Director, World Public Forum "Dialogue of Civilizations"
Chandra Muzaffar, President of the International Movement for a Just World (JUST)

MH 17: The Questions Remain One Year After

By Chandra Muzaffar, President of the International Movement for a Just World, July 15, 2015

Tears flowed freely at the memorial held in Kuala Lumpur on 11 July 2015 to remember the victims of the MH 17 tragedy --- the Malaysian airline that was blown out of the skies a year ago on 17 July 2014. The tragedy remains deeply etched upon the collective memory of the Malaysian nation, as it continues to wrench the hearts of all those who lost their loved ones from so many different countries, notably the Netherlands and Australia.

The families of the victims from all these countries and indeed, people everywhere want those responsible for this heinous crime to be punished severely. They yearn for justice.
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