The New Threat: Hybrid Wars as a Tool of Subversion

Introductory Remarks by Dr. Hans Köchler, President of the International Progress Organization and Member of the International Coordinating Committee, World Public Forum “Dialogue of Civilizations”, made at the 4th Plenary Session of the 13th Rhodes Forum on October 10, 2015

Since, on 24 April 1863, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln enacted the provisions of the socalled “Lieber Code” and, on 24 August 1898, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia proposed a “peace conference” that resulted in the Hague Convention of 1899, the community of nations has sought to tame war – the brutality of warfare – by subordinating it to the “dictates of conscience,” i.e. the fundamental principles of humanity.

The evolving corpus of international humanitarian law, culminating in the Geneva Conventions of 1949, and the general ban on the use of force – in the Briand-Kellogg Pact of 1928 and, finally, the UN Charter of 1945 – stand, however, in sharp contrast to the history of modern war and the evolution of the methods of warfare.

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